Heisman Trophy Winners
The Heisman Trophy, which is one of the highest individual awards in college football, has been awarded every year since its creation in 1935, Thereís only been one player in college football history where a player has one this award more than once.
The trophy is given annually to the most outstanding college football player in the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and is awarded by the Heisman Trust, successors of the awards from the Downtown Athletic Club, at an annual ceremony in New York City. It should be noticed that the 2005 award was declared vacant subsequent to it having been awarded. The Heisman Trophy Trust stripped Reggie Bush of his 2005 award due to NCAA violations.
Heisman Trophy Origins
In 1935, the award, then known as the DAC Trophy, was created by New York City's Downtown Athletic Club to recognize the best college football player "east of the Mississippi River." In that inaugural year, the award went to Jay Berwanger from the University of Chicago. Berwanger was later drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League but declined to sign for them. He never played professional football for any team, instead choosing to pursue a career in business.
In 1936, the club's athletic director, football pioneer John Heisman, died and the trophy was renamed in his honor. Larry Kelley, the second winner of the award, was the first person to win it as the "Heisman Trophy." In addition to the name change, the award also became a nationwide achievement. With the new name, players west of the Mississippi became eligible, though the first player from the western United States was not selected until 1938. Only one player, Ohio State's Archie Griffin, has won the award more than once.
Between 1936 and 2001, the award was given at an annual gala ceremony at the Downtown Athletic Club in New York City. The Yale Club of New York City assumed presenting honors in 2002 and 2003. The ceremony was moved to the New York Marriott Marquis in Times Square for the 2002, 2003, and 2004 presentations, but since 2005, the event has been held at the Nokia Theatre Times Square. The move to the Nokia Theatre allowed the Downtown Athletic Club (and ultimately, the award's successor, The Heisman Trust) to resume full control of the event, the most prominent example of which was the return of the official portraits of past winners.
Heisman Trophy Voting
In terms of balloting, the fifty states of the U.S. are split into six regions, and six regional representatives are selected to appoint voters in their states (the regions include the Far West, the Mid Atlantic, Mid West, North East, South, and South West). Each region has 145 media votes, for a total of 870 votes. In addition, all previous Heisman winners may vote, and one final vote is counted through public balloting. The Heisman ballots contain a 3-2-1 point system, in which each ballot ranks the voter's top three players and awards them three points for a first-place vote, two points for a second-place vote, and one point for a third-place vote. The points are tabulated, and the player with the highest total of points across all ballots is the Heisman Trophy winner.
1930ís | 1940ís | 1950ís | 1960ís | 1970ís | 1980ís | 1990ís | 2000ís | 2010ís